1. Study Haggai 2:1-3. What contextual sense do you
derive from these verses in light of Haggai 1? How does
this reflect on us?
It was the last day of the Feast of Tabernacles, which at the end of that week would
normally be a time of great rejoicing. But here in verse 3, there was some disappointment and sadness for
God anticipated and voiced the words of the people, "'Who is left among you who saw this
temple in its former glory? And how do you see it now? Does it not seem to you like nothing in comparison?"
The older people had seen Solomon’s temple when they were children, and this temple that was being constructed
now was nothing. Maybe the size of the foundation was even less, and it was not nearly as elaborate. For
16 years the foundation had nothing built on it. Even 16 years before, when the foundation had been laid,
the senior citizens were weeping when the rest of the people were rejoicing
(see Ezra 3:10-13). And you couldn’t tell who was weeping
and who was rejoicing!
The people were comparing the former times with the present. They wanted to go back to
the good old days. They belittled the present, because they unduly glorified the past. They were discouraged
with what was going up now compared to the former temple. They didn’t want to start the construction work
in the first place. Once they did, then some of them began to belittle it. They had a false perspective.
They failed to realize that God does not measure by size or grandeur.
We tend to measure spiritual progress by material standards. We compare ourselves with
someone else, and either that’s cause for our feeling good because we do better or bad because we believe
we do worse. One writer said, "Most of us are inflicted with a sense of inferiority about our part in the
Lord’s work." We downgrade ourselves; we belittle our work and the significance of what God has given us
to do. We have a low self-esteem.
2. Study Haggai 2:4-9. How did God encourage Haggai
and respond to this? How do we apply this?
The result of their having this false perspective of belittling what they were doing
was discouragement. What’s the answer? First, God’s presence; and second, God’s plan.
God’s presence is assured. "But now take courage, Zerubbabel… take courage also, Joshua…
and all you people of the land take courage" (v. 4).
God’s presence means that our work in the present is, or can be, as great as any work
of God’s people in the past. The fact that God is with you and in you means that your work is significant
and that there is no need to compare yourself to someone else. God can use each of us in a way and in a
place where He can use no one else.
But God’s plan as a corrective to a false perspective is also a cause for encouragement.
He says, "I am going to shake the heavens and the earth, the sea also and the dry land. And I will shake
all the nations" (v. 6-7). This phrase indicates God’s work at the return of the Lord at the Second Advent
to establish His millennium. He is going to shake all the nations and cause them to come to Jerusalem,
bringing their treasures for the building of the millennial temple (see v. 7).
Haggai went on to say, "'The silver is Mine and the gold is Mine… The latter glory of
this house will be greater than the former… and in this place I will give peace" (v. 8-9). In elegance
and spiritual glory the millennial temple would far exceed the glory of Solomon’s temple. Thus the people
were involved with significant work.
He is saying that the future will be great, so we should not compare the present with
the past. The people were having a part in building the temple now, and God is going to go beyond that
and do something greater in the future. They ought to be encouraged by God’s plan.
Therefore we also need not compare the present with the past. What we ought to do is
compare the present with the future and realize that God is working in us, fulfilling His program and
TIP: Throughout the Bible, God judges not on the merits of our work but on the merits of our hearts.
Changing our hearts is perhaps the most difficult thing to do and yet, it is the essence of application.
As Haggai says, "set your heart on your ways!"
Dr. Roy. B. Zuck is Senior Professor Emeritus of
Bible Exposition at Dallas Theological Seminary, where he taught for 23 years, including seven and a half
years as Vice President for Academic Affairs. He is the editor of Bibliotheca Sacra, Dallas Seminary's
theological journal, and the copy and theological editor of Kindred Spirit, the Seminary's popular
magazine. He has written or edited seventy books and written scores of magazine and journal articles on
biblical, theological, and educational subjects.
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