Welcome to disciple making: (Karl Payne):
This series on disciple making is Booklet 1 – Essentials, which is part of the program Transferable Cross
Training (TCT) developed by Dr. Karl Payne. The purpose of TCT is to help equip men and women to be effective disciple
makers. The materials are field tested with various proof verses that can be memorized, and each lesson is focused on
transferability. It is our desire is for those who accept the challenge of discipleship that, with or without a Bible
and notes in hand, each individual who has taken the time to master the concepts and principles in this series will
have confidence to comfortably and biblically respond to common questions and comments from friends or enemies of Christ.
By God’s grace we can make a difference in eternity by being actively involved in the most important job assignment
entrusted to mankind. For more information about TCT or obtaining the booklet series, see
Please remember that the uniqueness of this discipleship series is its simple transferability. It is the expressed
desire of the author that students actually use these materials after completing each booklet, by sharing them with
others in a manner consistent with 2 Timothy 2:2.
The primary purpose of this lesson is two-fold:
1. We must learn how to identify the three types of people we will be in contact with on a
2. We must have relevant, contextual, biblical messages ready for each of these people if
we hope to be used by God through divine appointments and opportunities.
In 1 Corinthians 2:14 -
Paul states that there are ultimately three types of individuals in the world.
The first person is the natural man without Christ
(1 Cor 2:14).
Life is controlled by daily circumstances.
Christ is outside of their life.
Self or the big "I" runs their life.
The second person is the growing Christian
(1 Cor 2:15-16).
Life and daily circumstances are under the powerful caring
hands of Christ.
Christ is in their life and willfully given complete control.
Self purposefully subjugated to Christ and His will.
The third person is the carnal or worldly Christian
(1 Cor 3:1-3).
Life is controlled by daily circumstances.
Christ is in their life, but not give willful control.
Self has been allowed to usurp Christ’s rightful position
in controlling their life through disobedience (sin).
Notice 1 Corinthians 3:1-3:
"And I, brethren, could not speak to you as to spiritual men, but as to men of flesh,
as to infants in Christ. I gave you milk to drink, not solid food; for you were not yet able to receive it. Indeed,
even now you are not yet able, for you are still fleshly. For since there is jealousy and strife among you,
are you not fleshly, and are you not walking like mere men?
Paul's frustration is with the carnal Christian who has made the conscious decision to remain
a spiritual baby. The Greek word "sarkinois" in verse 1 ("flesh") refers to the new Christian who, as a spiritual
child, requires milk. In contrast, the Greek word "sarkikoi" in verse 3 ("fleshly") refers to the adult Christian
who chooses to live like a child.
The natural person and the carnal or worldly Christian have very similar life experiences. The
key difference between the growing Christian and the carnal or worldly Christian is that the former is willing to
confess sin daily, keeping life’s circumstances under God’s control. The latter is not willing to do so. We have to
decide daily where we are and where we want our life to be. If we desire change, God has made provision for this to
The Natural man needs the gospel. Can you clearly share the gospel?
The Growing Christian needs systematic discipleship training. Have you been systematically trained as a
disciple of Christ? You cannot clearly share what you have not clearly learned. Are you able to train someone else
who wants to serve Christ? You cannot give what you do not have.
The Carnal Christian needs to get up off the ground and begin to grow again. He needs to confront the
issue(s) that have been allowed to marginalize his relationship with God and daily testimony. He does not need to
hear the gospel again, and he is not ready to be systematically trained for service.
Be bold for Christ; fear is not an acceptable reason for failing to take advantage of divine appointments. Study,
learn and prepare; sloth is not an acceptable reason for failing to live as a one hundred percent committed Christian,
in a world of fifty percent chameleons. We have been called by God to be active soldiers standing for Christ, not idle
spectators intimidated by man.
1. Which person do you think represents your life at this time?
2. Which person do you want your life to represent?
- God prepares the heart, you prepare a message. If they are not ready to receive the message, build a bridge.
- Non-Christians are going to hell. They need your involvement.
- Growing Christians need encouragement to press on and not grow weary in doing good. They are friend, not foe.
- Carnal Christians are stuck in the middle of the road. They no longer have lasting pleasure in their sin, but
they do not enjoy their walk with God. They are family, not enemies.
- Lifelines represent life styles. The life style of the non-Christian and the carnal Christian are very similar.
- It is possible to fool men about the condition of our heart and soul. It is not possible to fool God!
Karl Payne's personal note: I grew up in a home
that would have been considered moral and ethical, but not religious. Both of my parents were teachers.
Dad was a Mathematics / Science specialist for the Sacramento City School District and my mom taught
grade school. My Dad would occasionally pray for our food, but we did not read the Bible or discuss
religious topics. I decided my first Sunday of seventh grade that I had no real interest in church or
Sunday school and informed my parents that I would no longer attend either. I assumed I was a Christian
because I had been baptized as a child at my mom's request, but my primary interests were baseball,
football and music.
On June 17th, 1970 I became a Christian while attending a youth retreat sponsored by Young Life,
a Christian ministry focused upon reaching high school students. The two biggest hurdles I faced
in that decision both related to honest assumptions. My first assumption related to what I had
understood it meant to be a Christian. I assumed that I was a Christian because I had been baptized.
Christians get baptized, I had been baptized, therefore, I was a Christian. I also thought that
heaven, if it was real, was attained by being a nice person. I reasoned that since on a moral and
ethical scale which had the Pope on one end and Hitler on the other, that my live style was closer
to the Pope's than Hitler's, thus making me a shoe in for heaven if God was fair.
The second assumption I had made related to education. In eighth grade my science teacher told our
class that "religious people were mental cripples who needed a crutch to get through life." I was
very impressed by this teacher and took to heart what he said. In the eleventh grade, my physiology
teacher told our class that "educated people believed in evolution." As I grew older my education
had become more important to me. As a result of several teacher's comments I assumed that it was
not possible to think deeply and still be a Christian. Religion in my mind was therefore something
for nice people who were not too concerned about an academic education. My first assumption was
to confuse churchianity with Christianity. Churchianity represents men and women making their best
efforts to reach up to God and receive His approval, based upon their individual efforts to be found
worthy in His eyes. Biblical Christianity is a message explaining how God has chosen to reach down
to mankind through the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus Christ, providing salvation by His
grace as a free gift to all who believe, in spite of our unworthiness. Religion is essentially a
message of man reaching up to God. Christianity is a message detailing how God has reached down to
man. Religion exalts man. Christianity exalts God. I had received just enough religious training
to confuse religion with Christianity and had rejected an honest consideration of Christianity in
the process. My second assumption was to confuse naturalism, dialectical materialism and the
suppositional baggage assumed to be true by both philosophical world views, with actual empirical
data and good science, which provides conclusions based upon testing, observation and repetition
rather than wishful thinking and naturalist / atheistic suppositional indoctrination.
On the 17th of June, 1970 at 8:00 P.M., I listened to a gentleman clearly explain that God's plan
is that I have eternal life (John 3:16, John 10:10, Romans 5:1), but that my problem with sin (to miss
the mark in word, thought or deed) had separated me from Him (Romans 3:23, Romans 6:23). This sounded
more like bad news to me than good news. He went on to say that God had provided a remedy for my sin
by sending His only son Jesus Christ to die on a cross as a payment for my penalty (2 Corinthians 5:21,
Philippians 2:4-10, 1 Timothy 2:5, Romans 5:8, John 14:6, Ephesians 2:8-9), but that it was absolutely
necessary for me to respond to His remedy for the remedy to be effective (John 1:12, Romans 10:9-10,
Revelation 3:20). I bowed my head in that room and quietly asked Jesus Christ to become my Savior
and Lord. Jesus came into my life and has made me a new person, from the inside out (2 Corinthians
5:17). That was nearly thirty-one years ago. Knowing Jesus is more than religious activism or academic
curiosity. It is a real relationship. Spiritual maturity is a process (1 John 2:12-14) that should
continue to develop and grow as long as we are alive.
God used a Campus Crusade for Christ high school ministry to teach me that aggressive, reproductive
Christianity (2 Timothy 2:2) should be considered normal Christianity. Sincerity is necessary for
Christian living, but it is not sufficient for impacting our world for Christ (Matthew 28:18-20,
2 Corinthians 5:17-21, 2 Timothy 2:15, 1 Peter 3:15). He has used several godly men, seminary and
nearly twenty-five years of serving in church ministry to teach me that making disciples means far
more than leading people to Christ and asking them to pray and read their Bibles. It is impossible
to give what you do not have or share what you do not know. When people tell me that their Christian
faith is boring, what they are really telling me is that they do not pray, they do not study and they
do not give away what they have been given. The Christian life is an adventure that is exciting to
live and share. To judge Christianity by people who sit on their hands, criticize others and turn a
living faith into dead religion is to misrepresent Biblical Christianity. Christianity was never meant
to be lived as a passive spectator sport.
Dr. Karl Payne, at heart, is an apologist who loves to train and
equip Christians for spiritual service and warfare (Eph.4:11-16). He enjoys preaching, writing and
retreat / conference / seminar speaking. He derives his greatest pleasure tackling the challenge of teaching
Christian workers, interns and budding preachers / teachers at both the Bible College and Seminary levels.
In addition, he has co-authored two books: A just Defense and Cross Training through
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